National Skill Development Mission (NSDM)

Skilling

Introduction

The National Skill Development Mission (NSDM) was launched in 2015, by the Honourable Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on World Skills Day. The NSDM aims to consolidate efforts of skill training and development across sectors and states and help sectors expedite steps to achieve various skilling efforts at scale at a fast pace. NSDM’s mission is to create an end-to-end framework which promotes sustainable livelihoods for citizens while aligning them with the demands of potential employers.  


The MSDE has set up institutional mechanisms at three tiers to help this mission succeed; a Governing Council at the apex level for policy guidance, a Steering Committee and a Mission Directorate. The Mission Directorate will be supported by three additional institutions that will help the Directorate to facilitate smooth functioning by working horizontally: 


  • National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) - The NSDA focuses on policy research via National Skills Research Division, quality assurance and implementation of quality standards across all skilling agencies; develops protocols for training and accreditations for private trainers, etc.
  • National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) - NSDC overlooks training, capacity building aspects of trainers – both public and private, lead the engagement with industries, drive the sectors skills councils.
  • Directorate General of Training (DGT) - The DGT maintains the skill training structures of Advanced Training Institutes (ATIs), Regional Vocational Training Institute (RVTIs) and other such institutes, advises on training policies, trains instructors, provides technical support, runs women-centric training institutes, etc. 



Funding: Rs 3,000 crore, Budget 2020

Key Initiatives

Train-the-Trainer program in Artificial Intelligence

The DGT signed an agreement with IBM on behalf of the Skill India Mission for the Train-the-trainer program to guide ITI trainers in the Basics of AI skills to help them use AI technology in their routine training activities through a combination of face-to-face training as well as online modules. Within a year, IBM intends to train over 10,000 ITI trainers across seven locations. 

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Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

The PMKVY, was initiated by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) with the aim of enabling a sizable population of Indian youth to be trained in relevant skills that would help them secure livelihoods of better quality and opportunities. The scheme is implemented by the NSD and the trainings are completely subsidized by the government.


Starting April 2020, the PMKVY’s third phase will be initiated, aiming to skill over one crore youth in the year 2020. According to the NITI Aayog Discussion Paper on National Strategy for AI, the industries that will be highly impacted are IT, Banking, Financial Services and Insurance, Auto, Retail, Apparel and Leather. In July 2019, the Finance Minister, Nirmala Sitharaman announced that the PMKVY will focus on preparing youth for future-focused skills such as AI, Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, 3D printing, Virtual Reality and Robotics that would make them valuable in domestic and international job markets. 


Budget
Rs 12,000 crores

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IT-ITeS Sector Skills Council The National Association of Software and Services Companies (SCC NASSCOM)

Set up under the NSDC, SCC NASSCOM’s main objective is to train citizens to develop a certified talent pool for the IT industry. In 2019, the entity has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with SkillUp Online, an online learning platform, to teach about emerging technologies such as AI, cloud technologies, block-chain, cybersecurity, etc. Apart from the tie-ups, SCC NASSCOM has identified 19 AI-related job-roles, set up qualification packs, complete with curriculum and assessment, to certify a person for certain job roles, and set up national occupation standards for the IT industry. 

Other Details

According to the Year-end report of MSDE, released on Press Information Bureau (PIB), various partnerships have been formed to update Skill India to create pedagogy that builds capacity for jobs of the future in areas such as artificial intelligence, block-chain technology, etc.  

People

NSDC, India

Dr. Manish Kumar is the Managing Director & Chief Executive Officer of National Skill Development Corporation. He is responsible for providing a strategic vision to NSDC in ensuring that the team moves cohesively towards achievement of Skill India Mission.